Extraction of Dynamic Trajectory on Multi-Stroke Static Handwriting Images Using Loop Analysis and Skeletal Graph Model

Vo Anh Kha, Ha Hoang Kha, Michael Blumenstein


The recovery of handwriting’s dynamic stroke is an effective method to help improve the accuracy of any handwriting’s authentication or verification system. The recovered trajectory can be considered as a dynamic feature of any static handwritten images. Capitalising on this temporal information can significantly increase the accuracy of the verification phase. Extraction of dynamic features from static handwritings remains a challenge due to the lack of temporal information as compared to the online methods. Previously, there are two typical approaches to recover the handwriting’s stroke. The first approach is based on the script’s skeleton. The skeletonisation method has highly computational efficiency whereas it often produces noisy artifacts and mismatches on the resulted skeleton. The second approach deals with the handwriting’s contour, crossing areas and overlaps using parametric representations of lines and thickness of strokes. This method can avoid the artifacts, but it requires complicated mathematical models and may lead to computational explosion. Our paper is based on the script’s extracted skeleton and provides an approach to processing static handwriting’s objects, including edges, vertices and loops, as the important aspects of any handwritten image. Our paper is also to provide analysing and classifying loops types and human’s natural writing behavior to improve the global construction of stroke order. Then, a detailed tracing algorithm on global stroke reconstruction is presented. The experimental results reveal the superiority of our method as compared with the existing ones.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21553/rev-jec.131

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