On the Double Doppler Effect Generated by Scatterer Motion

Viet-Ha Pham, Mohamed Haj Taieb, Jean-Yves Chouinard, Sébastien Roy, Huu-Tue Huynh

Abstract


In a time-varying transmission channel, the received signals are subject to frequency shifts due to the Doppler effect. The Doppler frequency is dependent on the carrier frequency and channel variation rate. In a fixed wireless channel, the channel variations are caused by scatterer motion. In this paper, we investigate analytically the Doppler effects generated by scatterer motion under different scatterer velocity distributions using the ring-of-scatterers geometric model. The proposed model considers Doppler frequency components caused by scatterer mobility to both received and reflected signals at each scatterer, and therefore is called the double Doppler model. The analytical curves are compared and statistically tested with several measurement results published in the literature. At low scatterer speeds, e.g., generated by moving foliage, the exponential velocity distribution is an appropriate model to describe the time-varying nature of the fixed wireless channels. The curve fitting results also show that our analytical model better approaches the empirical curves than the single Doppler model does. However, further investigation is still needed to find a suitable scatterer velocity distribution that closely describes the double Doppler effect in fast-variation fixed wireless channels, e.g., caused by passing vehicles.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21553/rev-jec.6

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