Developing Uplink Power Optimization and ARS Selection Algorithm for Multi-ARS Small Cell Communication System

Hoai Thi Bich Be, Duc Anh Bui, Hiep Thanh Pham, Phuong Thu Nguyen


Small Cell (SC) models and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) acting as aerial relay stations (ARSs) are both promising advancements in the development of upcoming wireless networks that contribute significantly to improving the overall service quality. In this work, we rely on the Multi-ARS Cell-Free (CF) model, where a large number of ARS coordinated by the ground base station (GBS) and cooperate to serve a large number of users within the same frequency and time resources, to develop the uplink of a multi-ARS SC system, in which each user is served by only one ARS. The time division duplex (TDD) mechanism is used for communication protocol, and the Minimum Mean Square Error (MMSE) method is implemented to estimate the uplink channel. We derive an closed-form expression for uplink user throughput. In addition, we introduce the ARS selection method based on channel conditions and propose the Bisection algorithm to optimize uplink power. The system performance is evaluated by the cumulative distribution function (CDF) of user throughput according to different parameters, such as changing the number of ARS, the number of users, the number of antennas, and the length of pilot sequences with/without power optimization. The results reveal that the ARS selection method is effectively resolved to reduce complexity and improve the practicality of the proposed system, and the power optimization problem for better throughput is non-optimization.

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