Design of a Configurable 4-Channel Analog Front-End for EEG Signal Acquisition on 180nm CMOS Process

Duc Hung Le, The-Hung Pham, Cong-Kha Pham


In this work, a 4-channel Analog Front-End (AFE) circuit has been proposed for EEG signal recording. For EEG recording systems, the AFE may handle a wide range of sensor inputs with high input impedance, adjustable gain, low noise, and wide bandwidth. The buffer or current-to-voltage converter block (BCV), which can be set to operate as a buffer or a current-to-voltage converter circuit, is positioned between the electrode and the main amplifier stages of the AFE to achieve high input impedance and work with sensor signal types. A chopper capacitively-coupled instrumentation amplifier (CCIA) is positioned after the BCV as the main amplifier stage of the AFE to reduce input-referred noise and balance the impedance of the overall AFE system. A programmable gain amplifier (PGA) is the third stage of the AFE that allows the overall gain of the AFE to be adjusted. The suggested AFE operates in a wide frequency range of 0.5 Hz to 2 kHz with a high input impedance bigger than 2TΩ, and it is constructed and simulated using a 180nm CMOS process. With the lowest 100-dB CMRR and low input-referred noise of 1.8 µVrms, the AFE can achieve low noise efficiency. EEG signals can be acquired with this AFE system, which is very useful for detecting epilepsy and seizures.

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