Integrated On-Silicon and On-glass Antennas for Mm-Wave Applications

Nguyen Ngoc Mai-Khanh, Tetsuya Iizuka, Kunihiro Asada


The paper presents several integrated high frequency antenna prototypes based on Si/CMOS and on-glass technologies for millimeter-wave (mm-wave) applications. On-chip loop antenna and dipole radiator are presented. In addition, a wide-band dipole-patch antenna design for the range of 74 – 104 GHz is integrated into a CMOS chip with an on-chip pulse generator. In addition, an implementation of a fully on-Silicon antenna array integrated with a timed-array transmitter. To control the beam-forming of this array, a digital-based time adjustment circuit is integrated together with the antenna array. Simulated and measured data including return loss, and radiation patterns are presented. This paper also introduces an on-glass antenna prototypes fabricated on quartz substrate. The on-glass antenna is to demonstrate for handset or automobile’s windshield/windows applications where radio waves could be transmitted and received from various directions. The results show several compact antenna candidates integrated by both Silicon and quartz substrates towards mm-Wave/sub-mm-Wave sensing and communication applications.


C. A. Balanis, Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design,

rd edn, John Wiley & Son Ltd/Inc., 2005.

N. N. Mai-Khanh, Masahiro Sasaki, and Kuhiniro

Asada, “A Millimeter-Wave Resistor-less Pulse

Generator with a New Dipole-Patch Antenna in

-nm CMOS,” Springer Analog Integrated Circuits

and Signal Processing, Vol. 73, No. 3, Jul. 2012, pp.


E. Ojefors, H. Kratz, K. Grenier, A. Rydberg and

R. Plana, "Micromachined Loop Antennas on Low

Resistivity Silicon Substrates,"IEEE Transactions on

Antenna Propagation, Vol. 54, No. 12, Decemeber

, pp. 3593 - 3601.

H. Schumacher,P. Abele, E. Sonmez, K. B. Schad

and A. Trasser, "Low-cost circuit solutions for

micro- and millimeter-wave systems using commercially

available SiGe technologies," Proceedings

of First International SiGe Technology and Device

Meeting (ISTDM), Vol. 224, Issues 1-4, March 2004,

pp. 410 - 418.

S. Beer et al., "An Integrated 122-GHz Antenna

Array With Wire Bond Compensation for SMT

Radar Sensors," in IEEE Transactions on Antennas

and Propagation, vol. 61, no. 12, pp. 5976-5983, Dec.

, doi: 10.1109/TAP.2013.2282708.

A. Townley et al., "A 94GHz 4TX-4RX phasedarray

for FMCW radar with integrated LO and

flip-chip antenna package," 2016 IEEE Radio Frequency

Integrated Circuits Symposium (RFIC), San Francisco, CA, USA, 2016, pp. 294-297, doi:


E. Cohen, M. Ruberto, M. Cohen, O. Degani, S.

Ravid and D. Ritter, "A CMOS Bidirectional 32-

Element Phased-Array Transceiver at 60 GHz With

LTCC Antenna," in IEEE Transactions on Microwave

Theory and Techniques, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 1359-1375,

March 2013, doi: 10.1109/TMTT.2013.2243749.

B. Ku, O. Inac, M. Chang, H. Yang and G. M. Rebeiz,

"A High-Linearity 76–85-GHz 16-Element 8-

Transmit/8-Receive Phased-Array Chip With High

Isolation and Flip-Chip Packaging," in IEEE Transactions

on Microwave Theory and Techniques,

vol. 62, no. 10, pp. 2337-2356, Oct. 2014, doi:


N. N. Mai-Khanh, M. Sasaki, and K. Asada, “

A 0.25-um Si-Ge Fully Integrated Pulse Transmitter

with On-chip Loop Antenna towards Beamformability

for Millimeter-Wave Active Imaging,“

IEICE Trans. on Microwave and Millimeter-Wave

Technology, Vol. E94-C, No. 10, pp. 1626-1633, Oct.

N. G. Alexopoulos, P. B. Katehi, and D. B. Rutledge,

“Substrate Optimization for Integrated Circuit

Antennas,” IEEE Transactions on Microwave

Theory and Techniques, Vol. MTT-31, No. 7, Jul. 1983,

pp. 550–557.

N. N. Mai-Khanh and K. Asada, “A CMOS

Fully Integrated Antenna System Transceiver

with Beam-formability for Millimeter-wave Active

Imaging,“ the 13th Silicon Monilithic Integrated Circuit

in RF Systems (SiRF), Jan. 2013, pp. 123-125.

N. N. Mai-Khanh, M. Sasaki, and K. Asada, “A 65-

nm CMOS Fully Integrated Shock-wave Antenna

Array with On-chip Jitter and Pulse-Delay Adjustment

for Millimeter-wave Active Imaging System,“

IEICE Trans. on VLSI Design and CAD Algorithms,

Vol. E94, No. 12, pp. 2554-2562, Dec. 2011.


Copyright (c) 2021 REV Journal on Electronics and Communications

Copyright © 2011-2021
Radio and Electronics Association of Vietnam
All rights reserved